Alzheimer’s: Natural treatments and latest advances

The revitalizing scents of lemon, pine, eucalyptus and hemp all have something in common. Their odor is because of organic compounds called terpenes. Terpenes are a big class of fragrant chemicals discovered in various plants, foods and important oils. In hemp, terpenes lie inside the trichomes, tiny mushroom-shaped crystals that cover leaves and flowers.

There are also more than a handful of terpenes. It is believed that there are more than a hundred. Each has a slightly various chemical structure, which offers it an exclusive aroma. Although it can please our sense of odor, they are mainly intended to safeguard plants by warding off bacteria, fungi and insects.

Luckily for us, studies have shown that terpenes can do more than simply supply a pleasant aroma or discourage predators. They have also been discovered to invoke a wide range of biological effects in people, which we will go over in more information shortly.

How many terpenes are there, and what are they called?

As we suggested previously, terpenes are not special to hemp. If you open your kitchen cabinet, you will discover daily foods that also contain high concentrations of terpenes, such as black pepper, mango or lemongrass.

Although there are over a hundred various terpenes, some are more typical than others. A few of the well known terpenes include the following:

• Myrcene

Myrcene is the most typical terpene in the Cannabis sativa types, however it is also extremely typical in clover, sage, hops and cumin.

• Limonene

Keep in mind the revitalizing smell of lemon we spoke about earlier – it’s thanks to limonene. This terpene is widely used in fragrances, cosmetics and air cleansing.

• β-Caryophyllene

Spicy and peppery, beta-caryophyllene is best understood for its presence in black pepper, cloves and cinnamon.

• Linalool

You will quickly acknowledge the flower aroma of linalool. It is an acrid terpene that is most typically discovered in lavender.

What makes terpenes special?

Terpenes are essential not only because of their odor, however also because of their possible synergy with cannabinoids like CBD gurus, CBD Networks and CBG in the human body.

Envision the hemp plant as a big glass jar. Initially, we fill this jar with stones; these are cannabinoids, the largest group of compounds. Then we use smaller sized pebbles to complete some holes; these are our terpenes. Lastly, to fill the pot, we pour sand into it; flavonoids and other important molecules. You require all the aspects to make a whole plant.

In addition, there is proof to suggest that when cannabinoids and terpenes exist together, their particular biological effects are enhanced. This phenomenon, referred to as the entourage effect, is what makes the molecules present in hemp distinct. However, even in isolation, studies have shown that terpenes can have their own biological impacts.

What are the effects of terpenes?

The capacity of terpenes appears huge. A research study by the British Pharmacological Society discovered that terpenes have “distinct therapeutic effects that can significantly contribute to the entourage effect of medicinal marijuana extracts”. They included that the interactions between cannabinoids and terpenes could cause “synergy in the treatment of discomfort, swelling, depression, stress and anxiety, drug dependency, epilepsy, cancer, fungal infections and bacterial “.

Simply put, if cannabinoids are the stars of the show, they could be much more impactful with the assistance of terpenes. There’s still a lot to discover about the inner functions of terpenes, and while we’ve listed a few of them above, they’re simply the tip of the iceberg. In future posts, we will continue to check out terpenes in more information to discover precisely what they can be capable of.

Scroll to top